Puppy vaccination

Puppy Vaccination- Reasons & Schedule

Puppy vaccinations are essential when it comes to protecting the puppy from diseases. Not only do they help save your puppy from potentially life-threatening illnesses and diseases but they also support a continued effort by dog owners around the world for responsible ownership. Thus, the knowledge of a  proper puppy vaccination schedule is a must.



As each country recommends vaccines based on political, economic and environmental factors for vaccines living in each specific country, there isn’t a global standard or association agreement for puppy vaccinations.

During your puppy’s life they will go through four key development milestones:

  1. Neonatal – no vision or sense of smell from 0 to 2 weeks.
  2. Transitional – vision and smell, along with other sense develop from 2 to 4 weeks.
  3. Socialization – introduction to positive experiences and socialization from 4 to 12 weeks.
  4. Adolescence – from socialization until around two years.

Typically, during the socialization phase, puppy vaccinations should ideally begin.

The First-Time Puppy Vaccination



The American Animal Hospital Association suggest puppy vaccinations at the start of the socialization phase (6 weeks of age) with a sequential dose of combined vaccines until at least 16 weeks of age.

This would result in three rounds of puppy vaccinations which will then finished at just over 16 weeks of age and should include:

  • MLV / Recombinant Canine Distemper Virus
  • Rabies Vaccine
  • Bordetella Bronchiseptica /Canine Parainfluenza Virus

It is essential for your pup’s health that should be immune against rabies, hepatitis, and parvovirus.

In certain states in the US, it’s a legal requirement to ensure your dog’s been vaccinated against rabies.

The American Animal Hospital Association also suggests non-core vaccinations dependent upon the country the dog lives and the environmental risks:

  • Bordetella Bronchiseptica
  • Borrelia Burgdorferi
  • Leptospira
  • Canine Influenza Virus-H3N8
  • Canine Influenza Virus-H3N2

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There are some important considerations to take into account during puppy vaccinations, puppies should only receive vaccine shots after they have finished weaning and no earlier than six weeks old.

It is a good idea to keep an accurate record of the puppy vaccinations, and future appointments, as you will be making quite a few trips to the veterinarian centre for immunizations and boosters.


With any puppy vaccinations, you should be responsible and understand why they are having their vaccination and some of the potential side effects or consequences.

After vaccines, pay close attention to the behaviour of your pup; especially for seizures, fits and vomiting. If any of these symptoms are observed, you should visit the veterinarian clinic immediately.

Happy Parenting!

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